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Blackpool Social Work and Safeguarding ServiceProcedures Manual

Marriage / Civil Parternship of a Child who is Looked After

SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER

This procedure applies to 16 and 17 year olds who are Looked After and who wish to marry or enter into a civil partnership.

Contents

  1. Necessary Consents
  2. Where a Care Order Exists
    1. The Local Authority's Consent
    2. Where Consent is Not Given
  3. Where No Care Order Exists

1. Necessary Consents

A marriage / civil partnership between two persons one of whom is under 16 is void.

For a young person who is 16 or 17 to marry or enter into a civil partnership, the written consent of the parents is required. If the young person is the subject of a Care Order, the consent of the local authority is required in addition to the parents.

Where the necessary consents are not forthcoming, an application can be made to the Court for consent to the marriage / civil partnership in substitution for parental consent.

2. Where a Care Order Exists

2.1 The Local Authority's Consent

If a young person of 16 or 17 who is the subject of a Care Order expresses a wish to marry or enter into a civil partnership, this should be considered at the Looked After Review.

The Review may recommend that the young person's wishes should be supported and consent should be granted. The Review should also consider at this stage whether and when it may be appropriate to seek a discharge of the Care Order. The social worker should obtain legal advice as to the appropriate steps to be followed.

It will always be necessary to seek the parents' written consent to the marriage / civil partnership.

The social worker should seek the views of the Designated Manager (Marriage / Civil Partnership)on giving consent to the marriage / civil partnership. To do so, the social worker in conjunction with the young person and the Personal Adviser should prepare a written report setting out the circumstances of the proposed marriage / civil partnership, the young person's representations, the parents' views, the review's recommendation and attaching a copy of the parents' written consents (if given), the Care Plan, the Pathway Plan and the minutes of the most recent Looked After Review. 

The Designated Manager (Marriage / Civil Partnership) should decide on whether the local authority should give consent to the marriage/ civil partnership. The decision should be evidenced in writing together with reasons and a copy retained on the young person's file.

If the consent of the parents and the local authority is given, the marriage / civil partnership can go ahead.

The young person will be an Eligible Young Person and entitled to support under the Leaving Care and Transition Procedure.

2.2 Where Consent is Not Given

Where the parents and / or the local authority do not give the necessary consents to the marriage / civil partnership, the social worker and the Personal Adviser should consider with the young person whether they wish to obtain legal advice regarding a possible application to the Court for consent to the marriage / civil partnership.

In such circumstances, the Designated Manager (Marriage / Civil Partnership) should be asked to consider a contribution towards the legal fees if legal aid is not available.

3. Where no Care Order Exists

If a young person of 16 or 17 who is Accommodated expresses a wish to marry / enter into a civil partnership, this should be considered at the Looked After Review even though the formal consent of the local authority is not necessary.

Where the parents give consent, the marriage / civil partnership can go ahead. Whether or not the young person leaves the looked after service at this stage, they will be an Eligible or Relevant Young Person and entitled to support under Leaving Care and Transition Procedure.

The Review may recommend that the young person's wish to marry / enter into a civil partnership should be supported even where the parents' consent is not given.

In these circumstances, the social worker and Personal Adviser should consider with the young person whether they  wish to obtain legal advice regarding a possible application to the Court for consent to the marriage / civil partnership.

If so, the social worker should request the Designated Manager (Marriage / Civil Partnership) to consider a contribution towards the young person's legal fees if legal aid is not available.